Bangladesh

Bangladesh Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability World to climate change impacts (McCarthy et al., 2001).

The international community also recognizes that Bangladesh ranks high in the list of most vulnerable countries on earth. Bangladesh’s high vulnerability to climate change is due to a number of hydro-geological and socio-economic factors that include: (a) its geographical location in South Asia; (b) its flat deltaic topography with very low elevation; (c) its extreme climate variability that is governed by monsoon and which results in acute water distribution over space and time; (d) its high population density and poverty incidence; and (e) its majority of population being dependent on crop agriculture which is highly influenced by climate variability and change. Despite the recent strides towards achieving sustainable development, Bangladesh’s potential to sustain its development is faced with significant challenges posed by climate change (Ahmed and Haque, 2002). It is therefore of utmost importance to understand its vulnerability in terms of population and sectors at risk and its potential for adaptation to climate change.

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State of Microfinance in Bangladesh, Institute of Micro finance

This document reports the state of microfinance sector in Bangladesh. The sector has undergone tremendous transformation in all aspects over the last more than three decades following pioneering works of the Grameen Bank. The very visible changes are outreach and portfolio size, proliferation of microfinance through a large number of microfinance institutions, diversification of services, new regulatory regime, contribution in rural development, and recognition of microfinance and as a major contributor in poverty reduction. The methodology of Bangladeshi microfinance model has been replicated with or without variations in many countries and recognized as an excellent tool for poverty reduction. That has also brought international recognition in the form of Nobel Prize for Peace for Professor Mohammed Yunus and the Grameen Bank.

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How can ICTs be used and appropriated to address agricultural information needs of Bangladeshi farmers?

It has been argued that the use of ICTs can provide disadvantaged communities with access to information and thereby enable them to enhance their quality of life. This paper attempts to analyze the use of the ICTs from the perspective of the target beneficiaries (i.e. farmers). It reports on the results of an action research intervention in Bangladesh. The first phase of the fieldwork was designed to identify agricultural information needs. An intervention enabled farmers’ groups to have access to the services offered by two telecentres in Bangladesh through mobile telephony technology. Evidence from interviews, focus group discussions, diary notes and personal observation suggests that the telecentre projects had limited impacts in terms of meeting some crucial agricultural information needs. Mobile telephony, computers and internet connectivity have the potential to deliver the information. However, the information content and the applications need to be developed through a bottom up approach in order to achieve the objectives of meeting the information needs of farmers.

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National Discourses on Women’sEmpowerment in Bangladesh: Continuities and Change Sohela Nazneen, Naomi Hossain and Maheen Sultan, July 2011

This paper explores how these perceptions and narratives around women’s empowerment have evolved in Bangladesh from 2000 to date. It studies the concepts of women’s empowerment in public discourse and reviews the meanings and uses of the term by selected women’s organisations, donor agencies, political parties and development NGOs. By reviewing the publicly available documents of these organisations, the paper analyses the multiple discourses on women’s empowerment, showing the different concepts associated with it and how notions such as power, domains and processes of empowerment are understood by these actors. It also highlights how these different discourses have influenced each other and where they have diverged, with an emphasis on what these divergences mean in terms of advancing women’s interests in Bangladesh.

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Review of Aquaculture and Fish Consumption in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has extensive and highly diversified fisheries resources. Official Department of Fisheries (DOF) statistics estimate total fish production of 2.56 million tonnes, of which aquaculture accounts for 39%. However, collection of these statistics is based on a design which has not been able to fully account for recent developments in aquaculture. This review therefore attempts to triangulate official statistics wherever possible using data drawn from numerous sources, including the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2005. This approach suggests that aquaculture and, in particular, more commercially oriented forms of the activity are likely to play a much more important role in meeting national fish consumption needs and alleviating poverty than previously understood. Estimates derived from these sources suggest that around 399,000 tonnes of fish are produced from homestead ponds; 390,000 from commercial semi-intensive carp culture; 395,000 tonnes from pellet fed intensive systems; and 98,000 tonnes of shrimp and prawn, for a total of 1.35 million tonnes (325,000 t or 27% greater than the 1.06 million tonnes of aquaculture production reported in official statistics).

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The Role of ICT in Women’s Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh

Rural women in Bangladesh have limited access to resources and public spheres due to socio-cultural restrictions. Women suffer from severe discrimination, and it is thought this is heightened due to a lack of access to information. Information communication and technology (ICT) is a potential tool that can reach rural women and enrich their knowledge. This paper discusses women‟s empowerment in terms of perceptual change in rural villages in Bangladesh after ICT intervention has been introduced by Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). Since empowerment is a complex phenomenon to measure because of its multidimensional aspects and its relationship with time as a process, the methodology used in this research was an integration of qualitative and quantitative methods. Using a structured questionnaire, data was collected from women in two different villages where ICT projects have been introduced. The change in women‟s perception after using ICT was compared with changes in women who did not use ICT. The results indicate that ICT intervention changed women‟s perception in a positive direction in one village but it did not change in the other village.

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ICT Sector Study Bangladesh Bridging the Gap between Dutch and Bangladeshi ICT sectors

On behalf of the Embassy of the Kingdom of The Netherlands in Bangladesh, Nyenrode Business Universite it has conducted studies on four priority sectors in the Bangladeshi economy: food (safety), logistics, water and ICT. In this report the research is focused on answering the question ‘What creates the gap between the supply of the Bangladeshi ICT sector and the demand of the Dutch ICT sector and how this gap can be bridged best’.

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